A log splitter is used to split wood in the lumber and construction trade. This tool is also helpful for do-it-yourselfers who need split wood to complete home improvement projects or prepare logs for a fireplace.
A good log splitter can finish job quickly with little energy from the user. The sharp blades ensure an effective and reliable split, but they can cause harm to the user if proper care is not taken when using the machine. Proper protective gear, such a goggles, long pants, gloves, and a long sleeved shirt, are appropriate when working this tool. It is also best to tie back long hair and avoid loose clothing, while wearing a safety helmet and steel-tipped boots.
Manual log splitters are of the variety that uses hydraulic force from a lever or foot pedal to split logs. Since the foot pedal or lever is moved in accordance with your level of strength, there are no adjustments to be made on that end. The adjustment occurs with the position of the log splitting wedge. Some of the simplest and most effective types of manual log splitters sit and operate vertically. You simply position the log to split on the platform and adjust the splitting wedge to suit the length of the log. The splitting wedge is adjusted by removing the safety pin and sliding it up or down on the vertical beam into the right position. Replace the pin through one of the many evenly placed holes for just such an occasion. If you adjust the splitting wedge, you can simply use the log splitter. Manual log splitters usually exert up to 10 tons of force.
For gas-powered electric log splitters, the adjustments can be a little more complicated, but not much. They still utilize hydraulic pressure to split wood—up to 25 tons or more of force. Unlike manual log splitters, however, there is no lever or foot pedal to pump. The hydraulic force operates electrically under gas power. Because far greater horsepower can be applied, a greater amount of force is available to split wood. Electric models can be freestanding or tractor log splitters that are mountable to your tractor for easy mobility and greater pressure.
Rather than adjust the splitting wedge, which on a gas powered tractor is fixed, adjustments made to electric hydraulic models requires a change in pressure. On the inlet side of the hydraulic jack there should a cap, under which you will find a slotted screw. This screw, when turned, increases or decreases the pressure exerted upon the jack, providing more or less force. Check with the specific manufacturer’s recommendation, but a common technique is to turn the screw all the way clockwise to test what the motor will take. It may kill the engine, but it won’t do any damage. You are simply testing it out. Turn the screw back to find a happy medium to resume with the right pressure.
Step 1Position the Log Splitter
If you are using a tractor, there are two possibilities. The first is a tractor hauled splitter with its own hydraulics. The second is a splitter that taps into the hydraulics of your tractor. If you have a tow behind log splitter, you will attach it to your rig like any other trailer. You should be sure that your log splitter is in its position for movement. The engine and the hydraulic valve should both be in the off position.
Step 2 Move the splitter
Now the splitter can be moved via the tractor or hauled with your rig to the sight of the wood that needs splitting. This type of log splitter will save your body a lot of wear and tear, for most of the work is done for you.
Moving a log splitter is relatively simple when you attach it to a tractor or can haul it with a rig. Follow the specific instructions included with the purchase for the details, but knowing some of the basics help with the job.